Cunning, clever, and fast to boot, it’s the red fox. The red fox makes its home in grasslands, mountains, deserts, forests, farms, and even suburban areas. They have been hunted, trapped, and killed for their fur, for sport, and for being considered a nuisance. However, they have managed to thrive in urban and suburban areas nonetheless. There are red foxes in Asia, Africa, Europe, Australia, and North America. Sometimes it can be difficult to tell the difference between a gray fox and a red fox. Gray foxes have black-tipped tails and red foxes have white tipped tails. Both can have a mixture of colors in their coats. Red foxes can have patches of gray and gray foxes can have patches of red. The red fox is listed as Least Concern by the IUCN.
First the Stats…
Scientific name: Vulpes vulpes
Weight: Up to 31 lbs.
Length: Up to 35 inches long, plus their 22 inch long tale
Height: 20 inches at the shoulder
Lifespan: Up to 12 years
Now on to the Facts!
1.) A male is called a dog and the female a vixen.
2.) Red foxes are omnivores (eat plant and animal matter) that hunt rabbits, small rodents (like mice and rats), birds, and also eat vegetables, and fruits. They are constantly hunting. Even if they aren’t hungry, they will hunt and then stash their food away for safe keeping.
3.) The red fox is not always red. Some are some are black, brown, and even silver. There can even be color variations within the same litter.
4.) Adult foxes can make about 12 different sounds where the kits can only make up to 8.
But wait, there’s more on the red fox!
6.) These foxes are nocturnal (active at night) when living near humans. They are crepuscular (active at dawn and dusk) elsewhere.
7.) Foxes are amazing night predators, due to their eyes being specially adapted for night vision. Behind the light sensitive cells lies another important layer called the tapetum lucidum which reflects light back through the eye. This actually doubles the intensity of images seen by the fox at night.
Did you know…?
The red fox’s hearing is so keen that they can hear the ticking of a watch up to 40 yards away! They depend on this hearing to detect subtle movements underground.
8.) A fox will not chew its food. Instead it uses its carnassial or shearing teeth to cut the meat into small chunks and then they are swallowed whole.
9.) They also use the magnetic field of the North Pole to plot their trajectory. When they detect prey, they use their famous pounce to attack their prey from above.
10.) A fox’s patrolled range can be over 7 square miles in rural areas!
But wait, there’s still more on the red fox!
11.) Their den is typically a burrow underground, also known as an ‘earth’, but they can also be found above ground in a hollow.
12.) They are typically solitary except during breeding season.
13.) Vixens are sometimes assisted in rearing their cubs by a non-breeding sister or a female kit from a previous litter. This gains the ‘aunt’ the necessary experience in rearing her own young, when the time comes.
14.) Mating season is between December – February. The female will call for a suitor with an eerie, high pitched scream.
15.) A litter consists of 4 – 6 kits, but can contain up to 13.