The kiwi is the smallest non flying bird. The largest being the ostrich and the emu. Kiwis are endemic (they live nowhere else) to New Zealand. Kiwis can typically be found in a variety of habitats, including farmland, pine forest, scrubland, swampland, and vegetated gullies.
First the Stats…
Scientific name: Apteryx
Mass: Up to 3 pounds
Height: Up to 18 in
Lifespan: Around 20 years
Now on to the Facts!
2.) Considering that the kiwi has it’s nostrils located at the end of its long beak, and it uses its beak to dig through the dirt and mud for food, you can often hear kiwis making snorting sounds as they blow dirt from their noses.
3.) Kiwis are omnivores and typically look for worms, spiders, bugs, fruit, freshwater crayfish, eels, and frogs to eat.
4.) Evolving in a highly isolated environment, the kiwi has remained virtually unchanged in over 8 million years!
5.) Not having good eyesight, the kiwi can only see up to 6 feet at night and only 2-3 feet during the day.
But wait, there’s more on the kiwi!
6.) Kiwis are nocturnal and almost exclusively rely on their very sensitive noses to look for food as their eyesight is so poor.
7.) Kiwis are known for having a really bad temper and aggressively defending their territory.
Did you know…?
A kiwi’s body temperature is around 100 degrees F. This is approximately 2 degrees higher than humans and 2 degrees less than other birds.
9.) Kiwis birds are monogamous. They mate for life.
10.) The female kiwi lays just one egg (2 – 3 times a year), but that’s enough, as this egg is 20% of the females body size. The male will tend to the egg till it hatches, in some species. The egg takes 2 and a half months to hatch.