The warthog can be found in Africa’s southern Sudan and southwestern Ethiopia, in savanna woodland and grasslands. They aren’t picky about what they call home either. They will typically forgo digging their own burrow, instead inhabiting abandoned aardvark burrows. They also partake in a symbiotic relationship with mongooses.
First the Stats…
Scientific name: Phacochoerus aethiopicus (desert/cape warthog) | Phacochoerus africanus (common warthog)
Weight: 110 – 330 lbs
Height: 2 – 3 ft at the shoulder
Length: 35 – 60 inches
Lifespan: Up to 18 years (in the wild) | Up to 20 (in captivity)
Now on to the Facts!
1.) Warthogs have 2 pairs of tusks. The upper tusks are longer and curve toward each other. They use their tusks for self defense.
2.) When in their acquired burrows they will sleep with their heads facing outward, using their sharp tusks as a defense.
3.) A warthog will keep their tails in the upright position when running.
4.) They are found in moist and arid savannas.
5.) Being omnivores (eat both plant and animal matter) warthogs eat grass, roots, tree bark, berries, and even dead animals!
But wait, there’s more on the warthog!
6.) The warthog has poor eyesight, but an excellent sense of smell and hearing.
7.) Warthogs produce a variety of sounds. During the mating season, males make grunting noises. When threatened, warthogs squeal loudly to inform other members of the sounder (a group of warthogs) of pending danger.
Did you know…?
A warthog can run up to 35 mph!
8.) They live in smaller groups composed of females and their offspring. Males are solitary. They only join the group only during mating season.
10.) A warthog’s “warts” are not really warts at all, but rather thick growths of skin.