The Mexican grey wolf is considered critically endangered by the IUCN. Only 115 Mexican gray wolves live in the wild and about 300 exist in captivity. Campaigns of poisoning and trapping in the early to mid 1900s nearly caused them to go extinct. Even though their numbers have been slowly increasing, they are still the most endangered subspecies of wolf in the entire world due to compromised genetics, humans not wanting to tolerate them, and a hesitance to release more individuals and bonded pairs into the wild. Read more about this imperiled animal, below.
First the Stats…
Scientific name: Canis lupus baileyi
Weight: Up to 180 lbs.
Length: Up to 6.6 feet
Height: Up to 2.7 feet
Lifespan: Up to 8 years
Now on to the Facts!
2.) They communicate via howling, yipping, growling, tail wagging, playing, and marking territory with urine.
3.) Like other wolves, Mexican greys have a male and female alpha that run the pack.
4.) Only the alpha female is allowed to give birth to pups, aka whelps. The others in the pack help raise the young by bringing them food and teaching them skills for survival.
5.) Wolves patrol an area of 30 – 500 square miles!
But wait, there’s more on the Mexican grey wolf!
6.) In regions where their prey is larger, their packs are also larger, 30 +/-. In regions where the prey consists of smaller species of animals the packs are much smaller, at around 7 +/-.
7.) These grey wolves don’t sleep in groups, like many believe. They actually sleep right out in the open, regardless of the weather conditions.
Did you know…?
Mexican gray wolves typically eat just 2x a week. But, when they do, they eat up to 20 lbs of meat in one sitting!
8.) Another name for the Mexican wolf is “Lobo”.
9.) Mexican wolves are monogamous (mate for life).
10.) The alpha female, or bitch, gives birth to 4 – 7 pups, between February – March.