The glass frog or see-through frog is unique in that the skin on their abdomens is literally transparent. You can see their organs, including their beating heart and food moving through their digestive tract! There are 120 known species of glass frogs living in montane cloud forests of Central & South America. However, there are some species that call the Amazon, Chocóan rainforest, and semi-deciduous forests their home.
First the Stats…
Scientific name: Centrolenidae
Weight: Up to .5 ounce
Length: Up to 3 inches
Lifespan: Up to 14 years
Now on to the Facts!
1.) These frogs are often confused with treefrogs. But treefrogs have side mounted eyes and glass frogs have forward facing eyes. Treefrogs also don’t have a transparent ventral side (abdomen).
2.) With expanded digit tips, they are able to easily navigate through the trees and bushes.
3.) The glass frog is nocturnal (active at night).
4.) Snakes, birds, rainforest wasps, and mammals all prey on these cool little critters.
5.) Males will vocalize to announce territory.
But wait, there’s more on the glass frog!
6.) Glass frogs are very territorial and will fight off other males, if necessary.
7.) Mating occurs after the rainy season.
Did you know…?
Males will often guard several egg clutches till the tadpoles emerge from the egg mass and drop into the water below. He does this by using a series of kicks to thwart egg predators from eating the eggs.
8.) The female lays her egg mass, after she mates with the male. Egg masses contain up to 30 eggs and are laid on the undersides of leaves that hang over water.