Partaking in daily social grooming, the duiker will spend a fair amount of time grooming their mate. They are native to Sub-Saharan Africa. They’re found in heavily wooded areas. Duikers are known for their extreme shyness, freezing at the slightest sign of a threat and diving into the nearest bush. The main predators of duikers are leopards, lions, eagles, and humans.
First the Stats…
Scientific name: Blue duiker (Cephalophus monticla) | Yellow-backed duiker (Cephalophus silvicultor) | Bush duiker (Sylvicapra grimmia)
Weight: Up to 55 lbs
Height: Varies but typically about 20 inches
Lifespan: Up to 12 years (in captivity)
Now on to the Facts!
1.) Being omnivores (eat both plants and animals) he duiker partakes in a wide variety of food. They feast upon fallen fruit, leaves, flowers, and it has even been noted that they’ll eat insects, lizards, and rodents on rare occasions.
2.) Only males have horns. They are very short.
3.) Mating courtship involves a long and noisy chase throughout their territory before actually mating.
4.) The female will give birth to one young usually after a gestation period of around 6 months.
5.) Duikers are crepuscular (active at dawn and dusk).
But wait, there’s more on the duiker!
6.) The duiker avoids predation by lying motionless, then darting away at the last second. They run and dive in a zigzag pattern and use their horns and sharp black hooves as a defense.
7.) Males and females share territories but typically only come together to mate.
Did you know…?
A calf can run within hours of being born!
8.) The duiker gets its name from the Afrikaans word ‘to dive’ which refers to their ability to duck and dive into bushes when approached by a predator.